木月建筑事务所 | 南横步行街改造设计
全球设计风向感谢来自 木月建筑事务所 的城市更新改造项目案例分享：
南横步行街位于贵州省贵阳市南明区的核心地带，当地政府与企业合作希望创造一个有活力、有影响力、有凝聚力的创新街区, 打造贵阳城市形象的新名片，木月建筑事务所（MOON Architects）受邀成为南横步行街的一体化城市更新改造设计方。木月建筑事务所研究城市中的各种问题, 分析使用者的行为需求与问题，通过创新性的研究与设计提供得以推广和普及的综合性解决方案, 把一系列的问题和麻烦转换成空间趣味，通过城市更新唤醒城市记忆与活力。
Nanheng Pedestrian Street is located in the core area of Nanming District, Guiyang City, Guizhou Province. The local government hopes to work together with enterprises to create an influential and cohesive innovative neighborhood, making it a new name card for Guiyang City. MOON Architects was commissioned to be the integrated designer for the urban renewal of the Nanheng Pedestrian Street. MOON Architects studies various problems in the city, analyzes the behavioral needs and problems of users, and provides comprehensive solutions that can be promoted and popularized through innovative research and design, converting a series of problems and troubles into Fun, and awaken city memories and vitality through urban renewal.
MOON Architects will make a comprehensive renovation and upgrade of Nanheng Pedestrian Street, which is originally a pedestrian street in Snack Street. Starting from the macroscopic perspective, the whole block is regarded as a whole, and the relationship between the pedestrian street, the building, the interior and the landscape is systematically considered and echoed. In the transformation, a new business model is introduced into this neighborhood. We pursue the memory of the city and the space that has been accumulated for many years and is full of humanities. We create a comprehensive pedestrian street that integrates cultural display, experience, production and management. It is a place where visitors experience Guizhou local culture.
First, starting from the functional requirements, solve the existing core problems according to the existing constraints in the site:
1: The original building entrance is not marked, making it difficult to introduce people to the inner street;
2: The internal environment of the original commercial inner street is poor, the ventilation and lighting are not good, and the rainwater is poured into the indoors during heavy rain. Overall speaking, it is dark, humid, dirty and messy;
3: The distribution of the business is unreasonable, resulting in a low utilization rate of commercial interior streets, which is in a state of ruin;
4: The whole street is about 128 meters long. The original building facade is single and long, and the walking experience is not good.
建筑设计 Architecture Design
The design of the facade considers the relationship between the new order commercial space and the pedestrian street commercial plaza, ensuring that the facade both remains independent in the existing site, and interacts directly or indirectly with the surrounding traditional style area. The height of the surrounding buildings, the space of the square, the indoor space, the walking experience of pedestrians, the weather, and the visual field are the main influencing factors for the formation of the facade of the building. The facade of the building is separated by the original column spacing, and each column spacing forms a separate facade element. After that, the same functions are combined into the same unit, and different functions are used to form separate building blocks. Different constituent units are organized in a logical manner based on the main functions of the pedestrian street. The front side pedestrian street square is relatively open, the facade body block is pushed forward more, the front side pedestrian street square is relatively narrow, and the facade body block is pushed forward less, forming a rich pedestrian street facade rhythm. The facade and the opposite pedestrian commercial and residential buildings form an open or narrow pedestrian street that determines the rise or fall of the facade block. The front part of the open square is appropriately elevated, and the facade body block is raised to achieve an eye-catching effect and the focus of the visual gathering in the square. The narrow position of the front pedestrian street and the facade are appropriately lowered so that people wouldn’t feel uncomfortable.
In terms of form processing and material selection of the facade, a traditional Chinese double-sloping roof style is chosen, and traditional bricks are used in the facade. In addition to traditional materials, Buddha carbon paint metal frame, glass doors and windows and other modern materials are used. Instead of conventional practices, irregularly builds brick walls are constructed to enrich the visual experience of the facade of the building. The overall facade, built by various construction materials, is a vivid display of whatever is going on in the other side of the wall. Most commercial stores have brick walls, enabling visitors to see through. As for leisure plaza, food court and entrance, curtain wall glass and perforated metal sheets are used to create an imaginary facade rhythm.
The pavement design also connects different buildings and surrounding communities through unique ground pavements, which will create special views on rainy days. The ground floor order uses a unified main tone pavement to enhance the continuity and integrity of the streets-cape. The detailed color design is bright, rich and varied, vivid and lively, to reflect the vibrant and prosperous scene of the commercial street. The space is separated into five areas according to their functions, i.e. walk by, assemble or stay, giving each area a distinct feature and helping visitors to find directions more easily. The ground and the overall atmosphere of the street are coordinated, strengthening the individual image of the street. Different colors and textures of materials are applied and coordinated, making up this unique pedestrian street.
主入口设计 Main Entrance Design
In view of the problem that the original entrance is not conspicuous and the sense of ritual is insufficient, a geometrical body with irregular perforated metal plates placed on the facade is used as the main entrance, which creates a large conflict between the material and the form of facade, resulting in visual stimulation. Using the rear light arrangement of the perforated sheet metal, the irregular perforated sheet metal inlet creates a visual focus at night. The new design creatively opens the commercial line of Nanheng Street and analyzes the flow, vision and skyline according to the terrain of the site, the height of the surrounding buildings, and the small square space formed by the street, and determines the location and form of the three main entrances.
室内设计 Interior Design
Breaking through the arrangement of traditional commercial inner street lattices, through the deconstruction method, breaking the separation of commercial space, the commercial space is flexible and openly arranged into the overall commercial space, and the same commercial business forms a functional block without separation, and then through each. The rotation of individual blocks creates as much as possible a coherent space between the interior and exterior and creates a new spatial order. In the internal commercial space, no matter which entrance enters the commercial inner street, after each group commercial area and open activity space, the virtual and real space will be formed in turn, and the space rhythm of the collection and release will be adopted. The rhythm, entrance and square form an enlarged spatial rhythm to provide customers with a better wandering experience. In the rhythm and rhythm, around the open space, a leisure plaza with coffee, custom, and handicrafts, and a food court with an open bar and other formats are formed. In two square spaces, with the use of the outdoor facade hanging the small blue tile material and the green plant, a gorgeous light and shadow alternate effect is created. There are visual end views in the three entrances and two squares of the indoor commercial space. When visitors enter from the outdoor pedestrian street or enter indoor areas, there is better visual guidance and aesthetics.
In the form of space, the ceiling form continues the outdoor double-sloping roof, and the commercial shops on both sides of the channel form a double-slope ceiling form. The ceiling is alternated with a metal plate, which not only indicates the location of each store, but also allows the line of sight and light to penetrate, avoiding the pressure caused by the height of the floor. The open commercial store is inspired by the open form of the Western market, which simplifies the relatively closed store, making the indoor visual experience more open. There is no cross-wall between all the shops to ensure the overall commercial space is coherent; the channel directly communicates with the shop bar, the consumers communicate with the owner closer, and the food operation in the store can be closely watched to enhance the experience. The store body block form facing the interior is intertwined with the store body block facing the pedestrian street, and the two body blocks are integrated to ensure the clear boundary of the overall function partition. Through the virtual and real relationship of the facade, the public space of the internal space is increased, and the large area of the facade is opened to introduce sunlight and air, and the pedestrian can see the indoor public space; to solve the drainage problem, the research site is vertical and a water intercepting ditch is provided both indoors and outdoors.
业态调整 Business adjustment
From the perspective of business planning, the new format is re-adjusted according to data analysis, presenting the designer’s understanding of the development of commercial space, physical and behavioral space, the relationship between commercial space, shops and consumers, and the relationship between the business space, innovation operation and sustainable operation. All aspects of the building facade, interior, landscape, lighting, shop recruiting, ground paving, image identification, indicating system, etc., are transformed and redesigned completely.
∇ 故事线，Story Diagram
The indoor commercial space materials are in contact with the outdoor pedestrian street paving materials. The floor material continues into the room from the outside to ensure the integrity of the interior and exterior; the indoor material layout is consistent with the indoor space. Stores, passages, and plazas increase the proportion of individual colors under the same color and spelling paving materials. The store has a black-and-white layout, forming a gradual relationship, increasing the fun of the indoor space; the channel is mainly white, with a small amount of gray and pink; the three entrances are mainly gray, with a small amount of white and pink; leisure square and food areas are mainly pink, with a small amount of gray and white floor tiles. In addition, considering the small space in the store, the pavement is reduced in proportion to the passage and the outdoor, and is adjusted to a size of 300*300mm, which is suitable for indoor space.
∇ 爆炸轴测图 The Exploded Axon Drawing
标示系统 Signage System
同时,我们还为场地设计了一整套景观标识系统,将信息剪切到了场地系统之中: 导向指示的功能属性，在步行街中起到的引导作用; 步行街环境构成中的一部分，将步行街风格、文化升华; 在南横街布局的点、线、面中，它起到的是点和以点代面的作用。整个基地从地面铺装到建筑立面和屋面到内街室内, 主要运用了三角几何元素，所以精神堡垒导视用曲面与之形成对比，材料采用反光的镜面金属材料，折射反射出每一个经过南横街的面孔与身影，体现新贵阳的现代性、多元化和包容性。
At the same time, we also designed a set of landscape Signage system for the site, building a information linkage system within the area: The functional attributes of the guiding instructions play a guiding role in the pedestrian street; part of the composition of the pedestrian street environment, sublimation of the pedestrian street style and culture; in Nanheng Street, each point represents the whole area. The entire base is paved from the ground to the building facade and roof to the inner street interior, mainly using triangular geometric elements, so the spirit fortress guide is contrasted with the curved surface, the material uses reflective mirror metal material, and the reflection reflects each passing. The faces and figures of Nanheng Street reflect the modernity, diversity and inclusiveness of new Guiyang.
∇ 平面图 Interior Plan
∇ 立面图 Facade
∇ 剖面图 Section
Project Name: Nanheng Pedestrian Street
Design Firm: MOON Architects
Principal Architects: Mao Ying
Design Team: Zhang Shuhang，Fu Yibin，Li Yuantao，Zeng Wei
Participants: Shen Wang，Zhang Shimin，Tao Ying，Zhang Zhenzhen，Wang Yuemei
Structural Consultant: Xu Weihua
Type: Architecture Design，Interior Design，Landscape Design，Sign Design
Design Period: 2018.04-2019.01
Construction Period: 2018.11-2019.06
Client: Quanlin Group