尌林建筑 | 贵州贵阳贞丰县万科·桂馨公益图书室
全球设计风向感谢来自 尌林建筑设计事务所 的图书室空间项目案例分享：
∇ 01.者相小学阶梯阅读空间 Library Space at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
项目缘起 Origin of the Project
“I have always imagined that Paradise will be a kind of library,” said Jorge Luis Borges.
∇ 02.渴望进入图书室的小朋友 Children eager to enter the library @尌林建筑事务所
In June, Dong Te from Vanke Co. Ltd invited our firm to cooperate with Green & Shine Foundation and social care workers to establish public libraries for two primary schools in Zhenfeng County, Guiyang City, Guizhou province. In order to thoroughly consider the circumstances of the schools in the villages, we visited Yunpan Primary School and Zhexiang Primary School in Zhenfeng County. Both of the schools are located in mountaneous and remote areas, where a large number of students are left-behind children. As we observed, the original libraries, with dimming indoor lightings, contained very few books for students; we thus proposed the idea of designing a good library for children. The schools also attached great importance to the library development, vacating a classroom specifically to transform into new libraries.
∇ 03.云盘小学/者相小学室内现状 Original Conditions at Yunpan Primary School and Zhexiang Primary School @尌林建筑事务所
灵感转化 Transformation of Inspirations
Guizhou features a karst landscape. Mountain paths wind along the terraces forming continuous and rhythmic curvatures. Such unique localized landscape of terraces and mountains is the inspiration for the design.
∇ 04.贵州喀斯特地貌山和梯田 Karst Landscape and Terraces in Guizhou @左：赵奕龙 @右：网络
The net height of the library is 3.4 meters, which satisfies the intention of creating a topographical appearance in the design. The front part of the library features stepped spaces like the elevating terraces, enriching the indoor spatial experience. The four levels of the terraces correspond to the sizes of the bookshelves on both sides. In addition, the stepped spaces consist of mountain stairs and terrace stairs; one can walk up from the mountain stairs on the left and then enters the terraced space. By such, the terraced typographical expression is thus ameliorated.
∇ 05.横向剖透视图 Section Perspective @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 06.者相小学台地阶梯阅读空间 Platform and Stair Reading Space at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 08.者相小学山道台阶空间 Space Resembling Mountain Paths at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
The back half of the library consists of cave-like space and ceiling-height canyon space; rooms at different elevations are split up, generating a mountain-walk atmosphere which tall mountains interweave with short caves. Children can walk through the openings freely, while adults need to bend over to pass through. The bookshelves rise to the ceiling in the high canyon spaces; therefore, we designed a portable wooden ladder for children to find books at the top of the shelves.
∇ 09.者相小学小朋友穿行洞口 Children Walking Through the Opening @赵奕龙
∇ 10.云盘小学有爬梯的借阅室 Library with Ladder at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙
趣味体验 Fun Experiences
Children like climbing, walking, observing, and favor peculiarity and enclosed spaces. We imagined different inspiring and experiential scenes in the project, providing a variety of visual experiences. The terraced reading space suggests the possibilities to read freely – no matter sitting or lying, squatting or standing. The mountain stairs also bring profuse different walking experiences – the mountain path winds up and down, left to right, branching or encircling.
∇ 11.云盘小学分叉的山道路径 Diverged Mountain Paths at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 12.者相小学的山道路径 Mountain Paths at Zhexiang Primary School @陈林
The most popular space with children is the cave-like space surrounded by bookshelves on four sides. Climbing in, children can sit and read of their own will. In the semi-enclosed cave-like space, a net bed is set up to replace the floor; here children do not need to straighten their clothes and sit properly, but rather read on the net bed or communicate with other children below. In addition, we have placed numerous small openings on the bookshelves, encouraging children to spontaneously explore and interact with the space. Simultaneously, the openings allow ventilation and natural lightings, and therefore integrate functionality, interestingness, and creativity all together.
∇ 13.者相小学/云盘小学拉网阅读空间 Net Beds Reading Space at Zhexiang Primary School and Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 14.者相小学洞穴看阶梯解读空间 View from Cave, Observing Staircase Reading Space @赵奕龙
∇ 15.云盘小学拉网下部阅读空间 Reading Space under Net Beds at Yunpan Primary School @陈林
预制化实现 Prefabricated Installation
How to build a library with an unprofessional construction team and within a limited period (We hope to minimize the impact of the construction to children’s classes by completing it during holidays)?
We eventually decided to implement factory prefabrication. Considering the convenience and operability of prefabrication, the only materials used are 300×30mm solid wood pieces, which match most of the modular sizes, including bookshelves, floor beams, and stair treads. The platform steps are made into boxes according to different modular heights. They are arranged in a geometric sequence like that of building blocks, corresponding to the sizes and heights of the bookshelves. The wooden floors are paved afterwards.
Under such limited construction conditions, five workers cooperated with our designers to complete all the installation work of the library within seven days. This was by no means a simple task; therefore, it can be said that the profoundness and meticulousness of the prefabrication methods have played a great role.
∇ 16.每日现场施工照片 Daily Documentation of Construction @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 17.现场安装图示日记 Assembly Diary at Site @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 18.阶梯地台的安装 Assembly of Platform @尌林建筑事务所
一件大家具 A Large Piece of Furniture
The library resembles a large piece of furniture in a sense. All parts are produced from the factory and assembled on site. In the assemblage of the nodes, we have adopted the methods used to assemble closest. It is an independent load-bearing structure with its own spatial system; without the floor slab, such a furniture and be loaded at once. The surrounding bookshelves are connected to the platform in the middle according to the modular sizes, forming an overall modular relationship presented on a furniture.
Why can it be called a furniture? Furnitures have great flexibility and mobility; it can be assembled, disassembled, transported, produced, reproduced, and replaced. Our library also equips such flexibility without perplexing technical difficulties. On top of that, the modern architecture concept on modular system possesses reproducibility. We believe such a construction concept and implementation method provide a reference for constructing libraries in areas with limited condition and facilitate the future applications.
∇ 19.书架组成方式 Composition of Bookshelves @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 20.图书室模型 Model of Library @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 21.节点细部 Details @尌林建筑事务所
被复合使用的可能性 Possibility of Multi-usage
We intended to provide the library space more functions in addition to a reading space for the children. Both schools lacked space for teachers to communicate and hold internal training activities. Therefore, in the design of the library, we imagined the possibility of the multi-usage of the library space. Three-quarters of the library feature terraced floor, similar to the form of lecture room with stadium seating. With projectors, speakers, and computers equipped, the library can also be used for reading activities, music classes, or even multimedia lessons. On top of that, school events such as student-teacher reading sessions, mini-lectures, and sharing sessions also can be held in the library. This space can thus obtain more possibilities, and people are encouraged to make better usage of it.
∇ 22.者相小学自由阅读场景 Children Reading Freely at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 23.者相小学上阅读课场景 Classes at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 24.者相小学自由阅读场景 Children Reading Freely at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 26.多功能使用 Multi-usage @尌林建筑事务所
The school had the first reading class when the library was branded and opened. We made a small questionnaire for the children, and their answers have touched us deeply.
Children’s responses communicated their Joyfulness and appreciation. To all of us participated in this project, it is assuredly worth the dedication. We believe that the libraries we designed will witness more children enjoying the pleasure of learning and harvesting the fruits from reading. Simultaneously, it will also accompany the youths stepping out of the library, marching from the mountains to the society, and ultimately realizing their dreams.
小朋友们写的感人问卷 A Touching Survey from a Student
1、When was your first time entering the library? What was your feeling at the time?
October 17th. After entering the library, I feel excited and inspiring.
2、How many times have you visited the library?
This is my second time visiting.
3、Do you like the library? Why?
Yes. It brings me a lot, especially letting us realize that it is bringing knowledge. Every book here is worth appreciation. One single book can bring us a lot of help.
来自：六（1）班 赵福珍 From: Class 1 Grade Six Zhao Fuzhen
∇ 27.小学户外阅读场景 Exterior Reading Space at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙
∇ 28.小朋友写的感人问卷 Touching Surveys from Students @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 29.者相小学平面布置图 Plan of Zhexiang Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 30.云盘小学平面布置图 Plan of Yunpan Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所
∇ 31.者相小学剖面图 Sections of Zhexiang Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所
Project Name: Green & Shine Public Library, Zhenfeng, Guiyang
Locations: Zhexiang Primary School and Yunpan Primary School at Zhenfeng County, Guiyang City, Guizhou Province
Funding: Vanke Co. Ltd
Donation: Green & Shine Foundation
Construction: China Human Settlements Engineering & Materials Institute
Program: Public Library
Design Period: June 2019 – August 2019
Factory Prefabrication Period: August 2019 – September 2019
Assembly Period: September 15th, 2019 – September 21st, 2019
Design: Shulin Architectural Design
Principle Architect: CHEN Lin
Project Architect: SHI Weiquan
Cooperating Designer: DONG Te (Vanke Co. Ltd)
Team: SHI Weiquan, HE Yuhan, CHEN Yini, ZHAO Yiwei (Intern), YAN Weijuan (Intern)
Interior Materials: Douglas Fir, Monterey Pine, Spruce, Oriented Strand Board
Interior Area: Zhexiang Primary School 85m², Yunpan Primary School 60m²
Photographer: ZHAO Yilong, CHEN Lin