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图书馆

尌林建筑 | 贵州贵阳贞丰县万科·桂馨公益图书室

全球设计风向感谢来自 尌林建筑设计事务所 的图书室空间项目案例分享:

 

∇ 01.者相小学阶梯阅读空间 Library Space at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

项目缘起 Origin of the Project

 

博尔赫斯说“天堂应该是图书馆的模样”。

“I have always imagined that Paradise will be a kind of library,” said Jorge Luis Borges.

 

∇ 02.渴望进入图书室的小朋友 Children eager to enter the library @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

六月,万科集团董特老师邀请我们事务所携手桂馨基金会组与社会爱心人士为贵州省贵阳市贞丰县两所小学提供公益图书室。为了更细致地了解村小学的情况,我们去到了贵州贞丰县的云盘小学和者相小学,两所小学均地处偏远,学校寄宿的留守儿童人数较多,且图书室原有书籍寥寥无几,室内光线昏暗,为孩子们设计一个好图书室的念头由此而生。学校亦十分重视本次图书室的建造,专门腾出一间教室作为新图书室。

In June, Dong Te from Vanke Co. Ltd invited our firm to cooperate with Green & Shine Foundation and social care workers to establish public libraries for two primary schools in Zhenfeng County, Guiyang City, Guizhou province. In order to thoroughly consider the circumstances of the schools in the villages, we visited Yunpan Primary School and Zhexiang Primary School in Zhenfeng County. Both of the schools are located in mountaneous and remote areas, where a large number of students are left-behind children. As we observed, the original libraries, with dimming indoor lightings, contained very few books for students; we thus proposed the idea of designing a good library for children. The schools also attached great importance to the library development, vacating a classroom specifically to transform into new libraries.

 

∇ 03.云盘小学/者相小学室内现状 Original Conditions at Yunpan Primary School and Zhexiang Primary School @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

灵感转化 Transformation of Inspirations

 

贵州多为喀斯特地貌,道路曲折,梯田随处可见,弧线上下连贯,极富韵律,我们便从这种在地化的独特地形景观中获取灵感。

Guizhou features a karst landscape. Mountain paths wind along the terraces forming continuous and rhythmic curvatures. Such unique localized landscape of terraces and mountains is the inspiration for the design.

 

∇ 04.贵州喀斯特地貌山和梯田 Karst Landscape and Terraces in Guizhou @左:赵奕龙 @右:网络

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

图书室净高3.4米,可满足设计中想营造地形高差关系的需求。方案平面空间的前段为层层抬高的台地阶梯空间,利用阶梯状空间丰富了室内尺度。台地的四级高度分别对应两侧书架的尺寸,台地阶梯空间又分山道台阶和梯田阶梯,从左边山道逐级而上,尔后进入梯田阶梯空间,台地关系丰富。

The net height of the library is 3.4 meters, which satisfies the intention of creating a topographical appearance in the design. The front part of the library features stepped spaces like the elevating terraces, enriching the indoor spatial experience. The four levels of the terraces correspond to the sizes of the bookshelves on both sides. In addition, the stepped spaces consist of mountain stairs and terrace stairs; one can walk up from the mountain stairs on the left and then enters the terraced space. By such, the terraced typographical expression is thus ameliorated.

 

∇ 05.横向剖透视图 Section Perspective @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 06.者相小学台地阶梯阅读空间 Platform and Stair Reading Space at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 08.者相小学山道台阶空间 Space Resembling Mountain Paths at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

图书馆的后半部分空间分割为山洞空间和通高的峡谷空间,上下分隔,行走其间宛若山中行。高山崖与低矮洞穴相结合,小朋友们可自由穿梭行走,成人则需弯腰通过。通高部分较高,书架也随之而上,为此我们设计了一个可移动的木梯,方便小朋友取到高处书籍。

The back half of the library consists of cave-like space and ceiling-height canyon space; rooms at different elevations are split up, generating a mountain-walk atmosphere which tall mountains interweave with short caves. Children can walk through the openings freely, while adults need to bend over to pass through. The bookshelves rise to the ceiling in the high canyon spaces; therefore, we designed a portable wooden ladder for children to find books at the top of the shelves.

 

∇ 09.者相小学小朋友穿行洞口 Children Walking Through the Opening @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 10.云盘小学有爬梯的借阅室 Library with Ladder at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

趣味体验 Fun Experiences

 

小朋友喜欢攀爬、走动,喜欢不常规,观察他人,但他们也喜欢包裹的小空间。方案中营造了许多启发型与体验型的小场景,为其提供多种可视性的体验。其中,阅读的梯田台地式阶梯空间,提供了自由阅读的可能性——可坐可卧,可蹲可立。可穿行的山道空间带给小朋友多样的游走体验——山道时上时下,忽左忽右,既分叉又环绕。

Children like climbing, walking, observing, and favor peculiarity and enclosed spaces. We imagined different inspiring and experiential scenes in the project, providing a variety of visual experiences. The terraced reading space suggests the possibilities to read freely – no matter sitting or lying, squatting or standing. The mountain stairs also bring profuse different walking experiences – the mountain path winds up and down, left to right, branching or encircling.

 

∇ 11.云盘小学分叉的山道路径 Diverged Mountain Paths at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 12.者相小学的山道路径 Mountain Paths at Zhexiang Primary School @陈林

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

最受小朋友喜爱是夹层的洞穴空间,四周书架环绕,攀爬进入,可肆意而坐,自由阅读;半封闭的洞穴空间用一张拉网取代一块楼板,小朋友们无需正襟危坐,可躺在拉网上阅读,还可与下方的小朋友互动。此外,我们在书架中置入了许多小的洞口,可让小朋友自发地进行探索与互动,同时发挥通风采光的作用,将空间的功能性、趣味性和创造性融为一体。

The most popular space with children is the cave-like space surrounded by bookshelves on four sides. Climbing in, children can sit and read of their own will. In the semi-enclosed cave-like space, a net bed is set up to replace the floor; here children do not need to straighten their clothes and sit properly, but rather read on the net bed or communicate with other children below. In addition, we have placed numerous small openings on the bookshelves, encouraging children to spontaneously explore and interact with the space. Simultaneously, the openings allow ventilation and natural lightings, and therefore integrate functionality, interestingness, and creativity all together.

 

∇ 13.者相小学/云盘小学拉网阅读空间 Net Beds Reading Space at Zhexiang Primary School and Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 14.者相小学洞穴看阶梯解读空间 View from Cave, Observing Staircase Reading Space @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 15.云盘小学拉网下部阅读空间 Reading Space under Net Beds at Yunpan Primary School @陈林

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

预制化实现 Prefabricated Installation

 

如何以极其匮乏的专业施工团队和有限的建造周期(为不影响孩子们上课,我们希望能够在节假日完成施工),营建一处图书室?

本案最终选择了工厂化预制的实施方式 ,考虑到工厂预制的方便性与可操作性,图书室的用材皆为300×30mm实木,可对上大多数的模数尺寸,书架、楼板梁、楼梯踏步等构件皆涵盖其中。地台阶梯按照不同高度模数,做成盒子,像搭积木一样几何列序,与书架的尺寸高度相对应,现场安装之后再铺设木地板。

在施工现场条件有限的情况下,现场五个工人配合驻场设计师,仅用7天时间便实现了图书室的从有到无。这绝非易事,可以说,前期预制化方案的深入和细究发挥了很大的作用。

How to build a library with an unprofessional construction team and within a limited period (We hope to minimize the impact of the construction to children’s classes by completing it during holidays)?

We eventually decided to implement factory prefabrication. Considering the convenience and operability of prefabrication, the only materials used are 300×30mm solid wood pieces, which match most of the modular sizes, including bookshelves, floor beams, and stair treads. The platform steps are made into boxes according to different modular heights. They are arranged in a geometric sequence like that of building blocks, corresponding to the sizes and heights of the bookshelves. The wooden floors are paved afterwards.

Under such limited construction conditions, five workers cooperated with our designers to complete all the installation work of the library within seven days. This was by no means a simple task; therefore, it can be said that the profoundness and meticulousness of the prefabrication methods have played a great role.

 

∇ 16.每日现场施工照片 Daily Documentation of Construction @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 17.现场安装图示日记 Assembly Diary at Site @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 18.阶梯地台的安装 Assembly of Platform @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

一件大家具 A Large Piece of Furniture

 

图书室从某种意义上来说更像是一件大家具,所有零部件预先在工厂加工好,在各个节点安装方式上,我们最终借鉴了家装衣柜的安装方式,现场拼装放入。因其自身便是一个受力结构独立的空间系统,若没有楼板,整个家具可被整体装吊而出。四周的书架与中间的地台连接在一起,模数尺寸相对应,形成整体的家具模数关系。

为何它可以被称之为家具呢?家具是具有极强的灵活性和移动性,可组装、可拆分、可运输、可生产、可更换。我们的图书室也具备这样的灵活性,没有过于复杂的技术壁垒。同时基于现代建筑模数概念的设计框架使其具备可复制性,这样的建造思路与实施方式,为在条件有限的场所建造图书室提供了参考。

The library resembles a large piece of furniture in a sense. All parts are produced from the factory and assembled on site. In the assemblage of the nodes, we have adopted the methods used to assemble closest. It is an independent load-bearing structure with its own spatial system; without the floor slab, such a furniture and be loaded at once. The surrounding bookshelves are connected to the platform in the middle according to the modular sizes,  forming an overall modular relationship presented on a furniture.

Why can it be called a furniture? Furnitures have great flexibility and mobility; it can be assembled, disassembled, transported, produced, reproduced, and replaced. Our library also equips such flexibility without perplexing technical difficulties. On top of that, the modern architecture concept on modular system possesses reproducibility. We believe such a construction concept and implementation method provide a reference for constructing libraries in areas with limited condition and facilitate the future applications.

 

∇ 19.书架组成方式 Composition of Bookshelves @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 20.图书室模型 Model of Library @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 21.节点细部 Details @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

被复合使用的可能性 Possibility of Multi-usage

 

图书室的空间除了供小朋友阅读使用外,也希望得到更多利用。两所学校均缺少教师交流教学、内部培训等活动的空间。所以在图书室的设计中,我们就预想了空间被复合使用的可能性。图书室有四分之三的空间呈台地阶梯状,类似于阶梯教室的变体,配备投影仪、音响和电脑,可供小朋友上阅读课、音乐课、视频教育课等,还能举办师生读书会、开展学校小讲座、分享会、教师内部培训会议、学生家长会等。我们给到空间尽量多的可能性,以便让图书室更好地利用起来。

We intended to provide the library space more functions in addition to a reading space for the children. Both schools lacked space for teachers to communicate and hold internal training activities. Therefore, in the design of the library, we imagined the possibility of the multi-usage of the library space. Three-quarters of the library feature terraced floor, similar to the form of lecture room with stadium seating. With projectors, speakers, and computers equipped, the library can also be used for reading activities, music classes, or even multimedia lessons. On top of that, school events such as student-teacher reading sessions, mini-lectures, and sharing sessions also can be held in the library. This space can thus obtain more possibilities, and people are encouraged to make better usage of it.

 

∇ 22.者相小学自由阅读场景 Children Reading Freely at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 23.者相小学上阅读课场景 Classes at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 24.者相小学自由阅读场景 Children Reading Freely at Zhexiang Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 26.多功能使用 Multi-usage @尌林建筑事务所

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图书室,尌林建筑

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

结语 Conclusion

 

在图书室授牌时,学校开放了图书室,并上了第一节图书阅读课。我们做了一个小的调查问卷请小朋友们填写。小朋友们的回答,给了我们莫大的感动。

一张张问卷上的回答,是小朋友们的信任和欢喜。对于参与其中的所有人来说,“值得”二字足矣。因为我们知道,我们设计的图书室,会见证更多的孩子们在这里学习、收获和享受知识的快乐。也会见证,少年的他们,一步一步走出图书室,走出大山,走向社会,实现梦想。

The school had the first reading class when the library was branded and opened. We made a small questionnaire for the children, and their answers have touched us deeply.

Children’s responses communicated their Joyfulness and appreciation. To all of us participated in this project, it is assuredly worth the dedication. We believe that the libraries we designed will witness more children enjoying the pleasure of learning and harvesting the fruits from reading. Simultaneously, it will also accompany the youths stepping out of the library, marching from the mountains to the society, and ultimately realizing their dreams.

 

小朋友们写的感人问卷 A Touching Survey from a Student

 

1、你第一次进入悦读空间是什么时候?你当时的感受是什么?

10月17日,我的感受是,进入悦读空间后,有一种兴奋的感觉,而且也特别的激动。

1、When was your first time entering the library? What was your feeling at the time?

October 17th. After entering the library, I feel excited and inspiring.

 

2、这是你第几次进入悦读空间?

这是我第二次进入悦读空间。

2、How many times have you visited the library?

This is my second time visiting.

 

3、你会喜欢悦读空间吗?为什么?

会。因为悦读空间给我带来了很多东西,让我们也知道悦读空间给我们带来了知识。这里的每一本书都值得我们尊重。一本书就给我们带来了很大的帮助。

3、Do you like the library? Why?

Yes. It brings me a lot, especially letting us realize that it is bringing knowledge. Every book here is worth appreciation. One single book can bring us a lot of help.

 

来自:六(1)班 赵福珍 From: Class 1 Grade Six   Zhao Fuzhen

 

∇ 27.小学户外阅读场景 Exterior Reading Space at Yunpan Primary School @赵奕龙

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图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 28.小朋友写的感人问卷 Touching Surveys from Students @尌林建筑事务所

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 29.者相小学平面布置图 Plan of Zhexiang Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 30.云盘小学平面布置图 Plan of Yunpan Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

∇ 31.者相小学剖面图 Sections of Zhexiang Primary School Library @尌林建筑事务所

公益图书馆,万科公益图书馆,图书馆设计,贵阳贞丰县者相一学图书室,贵阳贞丰县云盘小学
图书室,尌林建筑

 

项目信息

项目名称:贵阳贞丰县桂馨公益图书室

项目地点:贵阳贞丰县者相一学、云盘小学

资金捐赠:万科企业股份有限公司
慈善捐赠:桂馨慈善基金会
项目施工:中关村人居环境工程与材料研究室
项目类型:公益图书室

设计时间:2019.6-2019.8

工厂加工时间:2019.8-2019.9
现场组装时间:2019.9.15-2019.9.21

设计单位:尌林建筑设计事务所

主持建筑师:陈林

项目建筑师:时伟权
配合设计师:董特(万科集团)

参与建筑师:时伟权、何雨涵、陈伊妮、赵艺炜(实习)、燕伟娟(实习)
室内材料:花旗松,辐射松,云杉,欧松板

室内面积:者相小学:85m²,云盘小学60m²

建筑摄影:赵奕龙、陈林

Project Name: Green & Shine Public Library, Zhenfeng, Guiyang
Locations: Zhexiang Primary School and Yunpan Primary School at Zhenfeng County, Guiyang City, Guizhou Province
Funding: Vanke Co. Ltd
Donation: Green & Shine Foundation
Construction: China Human Settlements Engineering & Materials Institute
Program: Public Library
Design Period: June 2019 – August 2019
Factory Prefabrication Period: August 2019 – September 2019
Assembly Period: September 15th, 2019 – September 21st, 2019
Design: Shulin Architectural Design
Principle Architect: CHEN Lin
Project Architect: SHI Weiquan
Cooperating Designer: DONG Te (Vanke Co. Ltd)
Team: SHI Weiquan, HE Yuhan, CHEN Yini, ZHAO Yiwei (Intern), YAN Weijuan (Intern)
Interior Materials: Douglas Fir, Monterey Pine, Spruce, Oriented Strand Board
Interior Area: Zhexiang Primary School 85m², Yunpan Primary School 60m²
Photographer: ZHAO Yilong, CHEN Lin

 

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